Posts Tagged 'Airwaves'

I feel like they’re talking in a language I don’t speak, and they’re talking it to me…

It can be hard to follow us police officers sometimes. What are we talking about, over?

It can be hard to follow us police officers sometimes. What are we talking about, over?

The other day I was out pushing a panda around my default patrol area. The RADS at WS saw from ARLS that I wasn’t too far from a recently reported incident and so dispatched me, telling me to make towards as it was an early.

I was about to code six when an all out came in over the Airwaves and so I whipped the car around, hit the blues and twos and joined in with an area search.

Alpha Oscar One joined us too as did Alpha Delta, it didn’t take too long to locate a couple of CROs in the locality and as they matched the descriptions passed, they were taken into custody.

I pulled up next to someone who turned out to be a sig wit and so obtained an MG11 before heading back to the station for some code four.

What am I talking about?

Well, if you followed even a quarter of that incomprehensible smattering of police jargon then you did rather well. Those two paragraphs contained just a small proportion of the bewildering number of acronyms and abbreviations that us officers love to confuse each other with.

Yes, I reckon one of the things I found hardest when I first joined was not getting my head around the law, but instead understanding what people were talking about when they were ‘talking job’.

Some of it I imagine comes from the fact that when we talk on the radio, we need to be concise to avoid tying up the airwaves. The key is ‘accuracy, brevity and clarity’ with the emphasis obviously on brevity over clarity!

As it is, this means that even simple things are awarded their own special terms. A call make from a ‘TK’ is a telephone kiosk, ‘RTC’ means someone’s crashed their car and ‘KIV’ means we need to ‘keep in view’ some risk or other that the control room have flagged up.

Needing to keep things short doesn’t fully explain why we sometimes end up talking in code though. There are also a range of terms that are so commonly used we have abandoned their actual names and resorted to ‘easier’ terminology.

Take ‘updating the EDL’ as an example. This is a particularly confusing one as quite rightly so you might assume it’s a reference to the English Defence League and us policing a demonstration.

This it could be, but actually the ‘EDL’ referred to here is the ‘Electronic Detention Log’ which is the record we keep of prisoner activity whilst they’re in custody in our station cells.

As it is the case that police speak is so prevalent between officers, it can be very easy for us to slip into using the same terminology when speaking with the public which often leads to nothing but confusion and blank faces.

I actually try to ‘scan’ what I’m about to say when talking to members of the public to ensure that I’ve filtered out all of the acronyms, although as I say they’re so prevalent that sometimes I don’t always manage it.

Take filling in a ‘392’ or informing someone that a ‘NFA’ decision has been made as examples – both contain important information but when disguised with in our mysterious police tongue, they are pretty much meaningless.

As it is, if you find yourself struggling to understand a police officer when we’re talking about ‘mainline burglaries’ or ‘FSI’, please don’t hesitate to stop us and ask for some clarification.

You could even drop in a little ‘Airwaves speak’ yourself – use the phrase ‘say again’ and they should get the picture!

P.S. We’ve got a handy list of 5% of the abbreviations we use over on our website. Get in touch if there are any not listed that you’re curious about, I’ll do my best to figure them out.

And everything I had to know, I heard it on my radio…

The Sepura SRH3500 Airwave Radio.

Every now and then I’ll be talking with someone and suddenly have to apologise, say ‘I’m being called on my radio’ and then wonder off engaged in a mysteriously one-sided conversation with the control room. Our radios are absolutely essential to our job and we’d not only be lost without them but also potentially in considerable danger.

Each and every officer has a radio assigned to them and needs to have it with them whenever they’re out on patrol. It is the means by which we not only communicate with the controllers at Walsall Police Station but also with other officers, via the system known as ‘point to point’ which allows us to contact our colleagues directly.

The principle role of the radio operators, or ‘rads’ as we know them, is to co-ordinate us unruly officers, to get us to where we need to be and to make sure that we have the information we need to do our jobs. They relay information from 999 calls to us and advise us what we’re likely to encounter when we arrive at an incident.

The radio network is secured and encrypted to prevent unwanted ears tuning in on our activities and also to help safeguard personal information that is relayed when we’re requesting Police National Computer checks and the like.

The network is ‘open’ meaning that every officer can hear transmissions to and from the control room and as such, it is important that we keep our communications as brief and to the point as possible. To this end we have a system of ‘status codes’ that are designed to reduce the amount of time we need on the airwaves to pass information. Rather than telling the control room that we are on patrol and available to be deployed, for example, we simply let them know that we are ‘code two’ and they have all the information they need.

Building on this, we have in place a variety of call signs and common phrases which we use to identify each other and help save time. Each car, for example, is referenced on the radio by an individual code, as are officers of different ranks and from different departments.

That the network is encrypted is important, although sometimes transmissions will be populated by so many obscure codes and police speak that anyone from outside the job listening in would probably struggle to understand what we’re going on about. I sometimes struggle myself!

Our radios have the capability to switch between a variety of different channels meaning that not only can we talk with other control rooms across the West Midlands, we can also select control rooms from different forces too. This is particularly useful, and important, when we’re conducting enquiries across the border is Staffordshire and want to let their control room know we’re visiting.

Being a common system used across the emergency services, we can also use our radios to co-ordinate our response to major incidents with members of the fire and ambulance services.

As an important safety feature, each terminal has an orange ‘panic button’ which instantly clears all other radio traffic and alerts the control room that an officer is in need of assistance. The alarm triggered has a haunting tone to it and cues every other officer to instantly fall silent, turn up their own radio and wait for the officer’s location to be broadcast so that they can race to their help.

I don’t think I’m alone in finding having the radio chattering away in my ear whilst I’m trying to talk to someone quite a distraction. Distractions aside, my radio terminal is easily the most important piece of kit that I carry and is invaluable for getting my job done.

Whilst I am sometimes tempted to send the terminal tumbling through the air when the talking in my ear piece is annoying me, I’d never throw it too far!


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